Arad, Romania: An Architectural Delight Feeling Like a Little Budapest

In this destination trip report we guide you around the city of Arad in Romania, an architectural delight which feels like a little version of Budapest.

Borderlands

When most tourists travel between Hungary and Romania, they often skip the borderlands in between the two countries, heading straight from the Hungarian capital of Budapest to Romanian cities like Cluj-Napoca, Brasov, Sibiu or even straight to Bucharest.

While those cities are arguably all well-worth a visit, you would do a disservice to the multi-ethnic borderlands of the Banat and Crișana.

Just like neighbouring Transylvania, these two border regions were long part of the Habsburg Empire and where populated by large populations of Romanians and Hungarians as well as to a lesser extent Germans and Jews.

After the collapse of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire after World War I, large swaths of the Banat and Crișana were carved up and transferred to the then Kingdom of Romania.

Even though cities like Timișoara (Banat) as well as Arad and Oradea (both in the Crișana region) were now part of a new state, they never lost their Habsburg legacy and multi-ethnic fabric.

arad romania
A Romanian flag is proudly displayed from a building in Arad. ©Paliparan

Central Europe at its best

I have visited both Timisoara and Oradea a few times before, but never managed to set foot in Arad. For this reason, I booked myself a weekend break to Arad to explore the city and the surrounding area.

It would be a decision which I wouldn’t regret, as Arad turned out to be a fabulous destination to visit.

With its pastel-coloured buildings, typical Central European charms and some lovely examples of some of Europe’s best architectural styles (Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Vienna Secession, Renaissance, Neo-Classicism to name a few) the city resembled a more compact version of Budapest to me.

This isn’t strange, given that in 1910 Arad had a 73% Hungarian majority – nowadays down to only 10 percent according to the latest census. Even though the numbers of Hungarians might have dwindled, they surely left behind an amazing cultural legacy.

arad art deco
All of the distinctive architectural styles from the turn of the 19th Century can be found in Arad. ©Paliparan

Into the city centre

Most travellers visiting Arad are likely to arrive in town at the city’s renovated main railway station, which is still a good 30-minute walk away from to the city centre.

Although you can easily take a taxi, tram or bus, you would miss a few sights on your way. One of them is the huge Holy Trinity Cathedral, the city’s largest Orthodox church, which is well-worth a look inside.

From the Cathedral, it is just straight ahead along the tree-lined Bulevardul Revoluţiei towards the city centre. The street, which forms the central axis of Arad, is hard to miss given that the tram line runs right in the middle between both lanes.

arad tram
Bulevardul Revolutiei (Revolution Boulevard) forms the central axis of Arad and can be easily recognised by the tram line running right in the middle between the lanes. ©Paliparan
holy trinity cathedral arad
The Holy Trinity Cathedral is Arad’s main Romanian-Orthodox church. ©Paliparan
romanian orthodox church
The beautiful interior of the Holy Trinity Cathedral. ©Paliparan

City hall

A good place to start your exploration is Arad’s eclectic city hall which combines neoclassical with neo-Renaissance styles. The tall white tower of the city hall can be seen from all over the old town.

If you stand in front of the city hall do not forget to look down, as Arad’s coat of arms is beautifully painted on the sidewalk’s tilework.

At this point, you are basically standing smack bang in the middle of the old town. There are plenty of other old architectural gems around you, such as the neo-Classical National Bank building and the neo-Renaissance Cenad Palace. Also Arad’s Aurel Vlaicu University is located right next to the city hall.

No matter the direction you walk, you will find plenty of shops, cafes and restaurants around you.

arad town hall
Arad Town Hall. ©Paliparan
palace cenad
Palace of Cenad as seen from City Hall square. ©Paliparan
arad city hall
Don’t forget to look at the tiles on which the city emblem is painted. ©Paliparan
arad old town
If you are standing in front of Arad’s city hall, you are smack bang in the middle of the old town. ©Paliparan
bank of romania
Neo-classical building of the National Bank of Romania. ©Paliparan
bulevardul revolutiei
Bulevardul Revolutiei runs right in front of the Arad’s city hall. ©Paliparan
aurel vlaicu university
Aurel Vlaicu University in Arad. ©Paliparan

Theatres and churches

If you walk down further south along Bulevardul Revoluţiei you will end up at a major traffic roundabout around which you can find a few of Arad’s other main sights.

One of these is the Roman Catholic St. Anthony of Padua Church built in 1904 in neo-Renaissance style, which is mainly visited by the ethnic Hungarian residents of Arad.

At the other end of the roundabout, you can find the neo-Classical Ioan Slavici Theatre.

ioan slavici classic theatre arad
Ioan Slavici Classic Theatre. ©Paliparan
saint anthony of padua church arad
A tram running in front of the Saint Anthony of Padua Church. ©Paliparan
saint anthony of padua church
St Anthony of Padua Church. ©Paliparan
st. anthony church padua
The interior of St. Anthony’s Church. ©Paliparan

Art Nouveau

My favourite part of Arad is even further down south along Bulevardul Revoluţiei. At the backside of the Ioan Slavici Theatre you can find Piața Avram Iancu (Avram Iancu Square).

The square, which feels more like a small park with its well-kept lawns and flowerbeds, features a brutalist-style statue commemorating the fallen Romanian war heroes. It’s one of the few communist remnants in the old town – and the lack of similar buildings and objects from the same era without doubt contributes to Arad’s charms.

Sure, if heading into some suburb you will definitely encounter some communist-style apartment blocks, but Arad’s town centre is delightfully void of such ugly architectural styles.

The best part of Avram Iancu Square are the lovely buildings lining the square, many of them being fine examples of Art Nouveau architecture.

Although some buildings look slightly decayed and could use some renovation, you cannot help but feel some hints of the old grandeur of Budapest here.

streetscape
If you walk down Bulevardul Revolutiei at either side of Ioan Slavici Theatre, you will end up at Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
avram iancu square arad
Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
communist statue
The communist-era war statue on Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
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Flowers on Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
piata avram iancu arad
Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
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Avram Iancu Square is lined by some gorgeous Art Nouveau buildings. ©Paliparan
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Buildings around Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
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Some dilapidated Art Nouveau beauty in Arad. ©Paliparan
piata avram iancu
Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
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Some buildings in Arad are slightly decayed, which does however add to the charms of the city. ©Paliparan

Craft beer

There are plenty of bars and pubs throughout Arad, with many having seating on outdoor terraces during the warm months which generally run from April until late October or even early November.

My favourite place ended up to be a pop-up bar on a side of Avram Iancu Square which was closed off for traffic. Run by Joy’s Café, this bar had lots of Romanian craft beers in the fridge.

Although the ubiquitous beer brands of Ciuc, Timișoreana and Ursus aren’t bad at all, brewing standard European lagers, I hugely prefer the awesome craft beers of Hop Hooligans (from the greater Bucharest area) and Bereta (from nearby Timisoara).

Drinking a great IPA with some lovely Art Nouveau architecture as backdrop was one of the biggest pleasures of Arad.

pop-up bar terrace
A pop-up bar and terrace on a closed-off side of Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan
shock therapy hop hooligans
Beer lovers should definitely seek out the Shock Therapy (pictured here) or Crowd Control IPAs from the Hop Hooligans brewery. ©Paliparan
avram iancu square
The pop-up bar on Avram Iancu Square. ©Paliparan

Backstreets

By all means, do not just stick to the main thoroughfares and squares of Arad. Wandering through the backstreets and small alleys brings up plenty more hidden charm, although the thumb of rule is that the further away you go from the main axis of Bulevardul Revoluţie, the more decayed the buildings get.

Some other notable landmarks away from the main streets are the Cultural Palace and the two parks of Parcul Mihai Eminescu and Parcul Copiilor (Children’s Park).

park arad
A park in Arad. ©Paliparan
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Arad’s Palace of Culture, which houses some museums and a concert hall. ©Paliparan
palace of culture
Arad’s Palace of Culture. ©Paliparan
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Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
street
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
alley
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
arad street
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
building facade arad
Some beautiful building facades in Arad. ©Paliparan
street
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
building
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
crossroads
Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan

Riverside

Just to the east of the old town of Arad streams the River Mureș, one of Romania’s main rivers which eventually joins the River Tisza in the Hungarian city of Szeged, which in turns eventually flows into the Danube.

When the weather is sunny, the promenade along the river makes for an excellent walk. There are also a handful of summer terraces and restaurants to be found on the river banks.

river mures arad
The Mureș River streams right through the city of Arad. ©Paliparan
mures bridge
Pedestrian bridge over the River Mureș. ©Paliparan

Arad Fortress

At the other side of the river you can find the Cetatea Aradului (Arad Fortress), a typical Habsburg fortress built in the shape of a hexagram.

Although most of the fortifications and buildings have since been demolished, decayed or overgrown by vegetation, it still makes for a great area of town to have a walk.

arad fortress
Arad’s Fortress can be clearly seen from space. ©Google Maps

Dinner

Back over the river in the old town, Euphoria Biergarten is one of my favourite places in Arad to eat. Originally from the city of Cluj, this popular restaurant has since expanded to Arad and Oradea as well.

Offering al-fresco dining on the street or interior courtyard, this gastropub makes for a nice place to eat a pizza, pasta, meats or other dishes from the extensive menu.

In the direct environs of Euphoria, there are plenty of other restaurants which are well-worth seeking out such as Curtea Veche. Given Arad’s student population, there are also plenty of nightspots such as pubs and clubs around this area of town.

euphoria biergarten
Euphoria Biergarten in Arad. ©Paliparan
pizza
Enjoying a pizza at Euphoria Biergarten. ©Paliparan

In short

Although Arad might lack blockbuster sights and feels a bit provincial compared to the major Romanian cities such as Cluj, Timisoara and Bucharest, it is certainly a city that will grow on you.

With its Central European Habsburg charm, Arad feels at time likes a little version of Budapest, although more like a Budapest which has been forgotten by time and left in a slightly decayed state.

If you love the old architecture from the turn of the century such as Art Nouveau, you’d probably love wandering aimlessly around town. Arad packs a huge amount of different architectural styles and the old town hasn’t been ruined by ugly communist monstrosities, which makes it easy to grab the vibe of bygone years.

With some good places for food and drinks and highly affordable prices, it also makes for an excellent destination to take it easy for a while.

Good transport links to Romanian cities such as Sibiu, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca and Timisoara, as well as Budapest in Hungary, means that Arad is easy to include on any itinerary through Central and Eastern Europe.

I really enjoyed my stay in Arad and can highly recommend the city to anyone travelling in the wider region!

Where to stay in Arad?

The top hotel in Arad is probably the Best Western Central Hotel, which indeed has a highly central location in the old town. Hotel Continental Forum is another big city centre hotel.

During my time in Arad, I stayed at Hotel Coandi in the suburbs of town. Although it was a short walk (or tram ride) from the old town, I liked the riverside terrace and renovated rooms.

Hotel prices are affordable in Arad, with the top hotels such as the Best Western, Continental Forum and ibis Styles unlikely to charge more than 60 to 70 euro per night for a room. If you are on a budget, there are also plenty of cheap hotels, apartments and pensions for around the 25 euro mark.

hotel coandi arad
During my trip to Arad, I stayed at the Hotel Coandi. ©Paliparan
hotel coandi
A typical room at Hotel Coandi. ©Paliparan
balcony view
Balcony view overlooking a bridge over the Mureș River. ©Paliparan
balcony view
Balcony view. ©Paliparan
arad bridge
At night, the view over the bridge reminded me a bit of Budapest as well. ©Paliparan

Getting around Arad

The city centre of Arad is compact enough to explore by foot, although you might need to use public transport or a taxi to head to the train station or hotel.

Arad has an extensive tram network for a town its size, with trams 1, 3 and 6 linking the train station with the old town centre. Buy a ticket from a kiosk, small grocery store or ticket machine.

Taxis are cheap and plentiful in Arad. Make sure the meter is turned on before setting off. Any ride in town is likely to cost only a few euros.

arad tram
Arad has an excellent tram network. ©Paliparan
tram
Some of the trams in Arad are older, imported carriages from Central and Western European countries judging by the German-language ad from the Austrian state of Tyrol still placed on the exterior. ©Paliparan
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The old-school interior of an Arad tram. ©Paliparan

What to see around Arad

There is plenty to see and do around Arad. Although the cities of Timisoara (1 hour) and Oradea (2 hours) are close enough to do as a day trip, I would however recommend to stay at least a night there, as I don’t think a day trip would do these cities justice.

Instead, my day trip recommendation would be to take a train to the town of Radna, just an hour out of Arad. From Radna’s railway station, lovely Maria Radna Church and Monastery is just a short walk away, as are the scenic fortress ruins of Cetatea Șoimoș.

Both can be easily combined as a day trip from Arad, although it is smart to look up train times in advance with national train company CFR, as the schedule can be a bit thin at some parts of the day. Train tickets can easily be bought online or at the train station on the spot.

Another interesting sight in the region are the hilltop castle ruins of Cetatea Șiria. Trains to Șiria are not operated by CFR but by Regio Calatori. Also here, train tickets can be bought online in advance or at the station on the spot.

cetatea soimos castle ruins
From the ruins of Cetatea Șoimoș you have some commanding views over the Mureș River. ©Paliparan
maria radna church
Maria Radna Church and Monastery attracts Roman-Catholic pilgrims from all over Central and Eastern Europe. ©Paliparan
maria radna
The baroque interior of the Maria Radna Church and Monastery. ©Paliparan

How to reach Arad

Arad has its own airport just outside the city, although it is currently not served by any scheduled flight. If flight service does return, do not expect much, as even in the ‘heydays’ there were only a handful low-cost flights to destinations such as Milan Bergamo.

Most people visiting Arad fly to bigger regional airports, with Timisoara being the one which is closest by, even having a direct bus connection to Arad. From Timisoara, there are low-cost flights with Ryanair and Wizz Air to destinations all over Europe, while both Lufthansa and TAROM offer connecting flights through their hubs of Frankfurt, Munich and Bucharest.

Oradea and Sibiu are two other regional airports which are not too far away from Arad. The nearest major international airport is Budapest, with Bucharest being quite a bit further away.

Bus and train

Given that there are currently no scheduled flights to Arad, chances are that you will arrive by bus or train (unless you are driving yourself). For bus connections, Autogari.ro is your one-stop website to check timetables and fares – both for domestic routes as well as international routes to Hungary.

Arad is located on a major rail link, with lines radiating out north to Oradea and Cluj-Napoca, east to Deva and Sibiu, south to Timisoara and Bucharest, as well as west over the Hungarian border to Budapest and Vienna in Austria.

When travelling to or from destinations further afield such as Vienna, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca and Iași, you can often choose between daytime trains or overnight trains with couchette berths or even proper private sleeping cabins.

For intercity trains within Romania, check the website of the Romanian Railways (CFR) for both timetables and online e-tickets. If heading from Arad to Hungary, you can book your tickets online through the international website of CFR, although there is a chance that you would still need to pick up your actual paper ticket from the station.

When heading from Budapest or any other city in Hungary to Arad, you can buy tickets in advance through the Hungarian Railways (MAV) website, although these still need to be picked up from Hungarian ticket offices or machines as well.

If you are heading to Bucharest from Arad, an interesting alternative to the trains by national railway operator CFR is the privately-run Astra Trans Carpatic overnight train, which arguably is of much higher quality even though the ticket price is the same.

arad train station
The main railway station of Arad, Romania. ©Paliparan
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Arad is linked to almost every big city in Romania by train. ©Paliparan
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A second class compartment of a Romanian train. ©Paliparan
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A comfortable first class saloon car on a train between Arad and Bucharest in Romania. ©Paliparan
astra trans carpatic lux compartment sleeper
A lux compartment with ensuite shower on the Astra Trans Carpatic, which links Arad with Bucharest, the capital of Romania. ©Paliparan

Explore some other destinations with us!

In our trip report section, we have written multiple diary accounts of holidays across the world which can serve as an inspiration for your next trip. These trip reports include destination guides such as this article, as well as reviews of hotels, airlines and other modes of transport.

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Koen

Koen works as a freelance journalist covering south-eastern Europe and is the founding father and editor-in-chief of Paliparan. As a contributor to some major Fleet Street newspapers and some lesser known publications in the Balkans, he travels thousands of miles each year for work as well as on his personal holidays. Whether it is horse riding in Kyrgyzstan’s Tian Shan mountains, exploring the backstreets of Bogotá, or sipping a glass of moschofilero in a Greek beachside taverna, Koen loves to immerse himself into the local culture, explore new places and eat and drink himself around the world.

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