Izmir: Turkey’s Most Liberal and Liveable City

In this destination guide we will visit the sights of Izmir, Turkey’s most liberal and liveable city, as well as some day trips you can make.

A visit to Izmir

Located on the shores of the Aegean Sea, Izmir is the most liberal and liveable city in Turkey and a great place for tourists to visit.

I’ve always enjoyed visiting Izmir as besides the urban delights there is a lot to see in the surrounding area.

Whether you want to laze on the beach, visit Ancient Greek archaeological sites such as magnificent Ephesus or explore charming old towns, there is enough to do for days or even weeks in Izmir.

Although many tourists opt to stay outside of the city in one of the many coastal resorts such as Kusadasi or Cesme, I decided to stay in the heart of Izmir at the Ege Palas Business Hotel due to the proximity of public transport links.

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View over Izmir and the Aegean Sea from the balcony of my room at Ege Palas Business Hotel. ©Paliparan

A pleasant megacity

Compared to Turkey’s largest city of Istanbul, Izmir itself is relatively light on traditional sights.

There are certainly some interesting things to see in this sprawling city, although you can easily do that in a single day.

However, as there are so many day trips you can make to nearby attractions, you really want to stay longer than a day in Izmir.

Staying a longer time in Izmir also gives you the opportunity to really savour the quality cafés, restaurants and bustling nightlife scene in this lively and pleasant city.

Izmir is a huge megacity – home to well over 4 million inhabitants – and therefore has a lot to offer on this front.

Thanks to its multicultural origins (the city used to be predominantly Greek until the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922) and open-minded culture stemming from international trade, the port city of Izmir always had a liberal character.

In fact, the Izmir region was one of the few in Turkey which did not vote for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his conservative party in recent elections.

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The ruins of ancient Greek city of Ephesus are located some 70 kilometres outside of Izmir and is the best known sight in the region. ©Paliparan
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The national flag of Greece on top of the Greek consulate in the Alsancak neighbourhood of Izmir. For many centuries, Izmir was known as Smyrna and had a predominantly Greek population. ©Paliparan


A good place to start your Izmir visit is Konak Square, a major transport hub in the centre of Izmir with easy access to the metro, tram and ferry.

In the middle of Konak Square stands a beautiful clock tower.

Built in 1906, this clock tower is Izmir’s best known landmark and therefore also features on the official city emblem and seal.

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Konak Square is located in the heart of Izmir and well-known for its clock tower. ©Paliparan
konak square
Konak. ©Paliparan

Old bazaar

One of Izmir’s most popular sights is the old bazaar.

Although the old bazaar might make for a disappointing visit if you expect something like Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar, it is nonetheless a very pleasant area to stroll around.

Inside the bazaar you will also find some appealing cafés to sit down for a cup of tea or Turkish coffee.

If you make it to the inner courtyard of the bazaar, make sure you get up to the second floor to enjoy the nice view over the 16th century Hisar Mosque.

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The central courtyard of the old bazaar and the Hisar Mosque. ©Paliparan
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Inside one of the covered alleyways of the old bazaar. ©Paliparan
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Pleasant cafés in the bazaar. ©Paliparan


If you walk some 20 minutes from Konak along the bay towards the south-west you will end up at the Asansör, another famous Izmir sight.

Derived the French ‘ascenseur’, Asansör is the Turkish word for lift.

The Asansör is beautiful brick elevator built in 1907 and serves as a public transport link for inhabitants of the Karataş neighbourhood to easily get up and down the steep hill.

The lift is located on Dario Moreno sokak, a street named after famous Turkish-Jewish singer and Izmir native Dario Moreno, who actually used to live on this very same street.

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Walking along the bay from Konak towards the Asansör. ©Paliparan
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The beautiful brick building of the Izmir Asansör. ©Paliparan
View from the top of the lift over Izmir. ©Paliparan
Pedestrianised street around the Asansör. ©Paliparan
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Colourful rainbow stairs up on the hilltop around the historical elevator. ©Paliparan


Another famous neighbourhood in the centre of Izmir is Alsancak, which is well-known for its vibrant restaurant and nightlife scene.

However, Alsancak is certainly worth a visit during daylight hours as well as you can find some appealing cafés and plenty of shops in this part of town.

The main sight in Alsancak is the seaside promenade and park called the Kordon.

In the daylight hours, Izmir’s Kordon is home to families taking a stroll and fishermen trying to get some catch, while in the evening the youngsters and students take over the place.

The Kordon is one of the few places in Izmir where drinking in public is tolerated.

It’s great fun to join the local crowd by buying some beers or a bottle of wine from one of the neighbourhood alcohol shops before watching the sunset from the promenade.

Izmir is one of Turkey’s most liberal cities and it surely shows when you visit Alsancak in the evening as the place is always full of locals having a good time on the Kordon or in one of the many pubs and clubs.

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Republic Square. ©Paliparan
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In the middle of the roundabout at Republic Square you can find an equestrian statue of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. ©Paliparan
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Alsancak shopping street. ©Paliparan
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The southern side of the Alsancak Kordon (seaside promenade). ©Paliparan
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The seaside promenade and park in the Alsancak neighbourhood. ©Paliparan
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Local fishermen on the Alsancak seaside promenade. ©Paliparan
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Sunset as seen from the seaside promenade in Alsancak. ©Paliparan
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The Kordon on a cloudy morning. ©Paliparan
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Although some Alsancak streets are deserted in the morning, they are teeming with people enjoying drinks and food in the late afternoon and evening. ©Paliparan
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Enjoying a great quality pizza at Pizza Locale in the Alsancak/Konak area of Izmir. ©Paliparan
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Community cat relaxing on a public bench. ©Paliparan
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Old house in the Alsancak neighbourhood. ©Paliparan
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The Republic Tree Monument on the Alsancak waterfront. ©Paliparan
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Another sunset from Alsancak’s waterfront promenade. ©Paliparan


Another good place to sample the vibrant city life of Izmir is the suburb of Bornova, which can be easily reached by metro from the city centre.

Bornova is home to Izmir’s Ege University and the neighbourhood is home to a large student population.

Both throughout the day and in the evening it will be full of students enjoying tea or coffee, nargilah (waterpipe) or a beer.

The lively streets of Bornova. ©Paliparan

Izmir ferry

When visiting Izmir it’s a must to hop on a ferry – if only to take in the views of the city from the sea.

As the city of Izmir is built around a large bay, the local ferries are a popular transport option and cheap to use.

For tourists, the ferry terminals in Alsancak and Konak are the most obvious departure points.

On board an Izmir ferry you really experience how big the city is as it seems that almost all the hills and mountains surrounding the bay are covered by urban sprawl.

During my visit to Izmir, I took a ferry from Alsancak to Bostanli at the other side of the bay.

There is nothing really to see for the average tourist in Bostanli as it’s basically its just a suburb of the city.

However, Bostanli does have a nice seaside promenade and viewing terrace just to the west of the ferry pier where you can sit down with a drink and watch the sunset.

Just like Alsancak, Bostanli is a relatively liberal neighbourhood as well and drinking alcohol in public along the waterfront is tolerated here too.

alsancak ferry
As the city of Izmir is built around a large bay, the local ferries are a popular form of transport. ©Paliparan
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Izmir has an extensive ferry network. ©Paliparan
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View from the ferry. ©Paliparan
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From the deck of the ferry you can get a good impression just how big this sprawling city is. ©Paliparan
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View from one of the local ferries. ©Paliparan
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The Bostanli viewing terrace is a great place to watch the sunset. ©Paliparan
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Watching the sunset in Bostanli. ©Paliparan
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Bostanli sunset. ©Paliparan
Bostanli waterfront at dusk. ©Paliparan

Cable car

If you are staying longer in Izmir, it might be worth it to make the trek by metro and bus to the suburb of Balçova to take the cable car up into the hills.

Called the Balçova Teleferik, this cable car takes you high up into the verdant hills from where you can enjoy sweeping views over Izmir and the bay.

It’s a great place to enjoy a small picnic or to have a short hike in the shade of the trees on a hot day.

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The Balçova cable car. ©Paliparan
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From the upper station, you have a great view over the Gulf of Izmir and the city’s suburbs. ©Paliparan
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Inland, you have some beautiful views over the forested hills. ©Paliparan

Izmir day trips

One reason why Izmir is such a fantastic tourist destination is because there is just so much to visit and to do in the surrounding area.

There are so many possible day trips you can make from Izmir that you can easily stay here for weeks.

If you are a beach person, you are probably best of heading for Kuşadası or Çeşme by bus from the Otogar (bus station).

Çeşme can easily be combined with the nearby village of Alaçatı as an Izmir day trip.

Alacati is a charming traditional village with some quality bars, restaurants and upscale boutique hotels.

From Cesme, you can even make a day trip by ferry to the Greek island of Chios – although you would not do it justice by only spending a few hours there as Chios is a destination in it’s own right.

Some people also visit the famous white terraces and thermal pools of Pamukkale as a day trip from Izmir, although this would also be a rather long trek.

A better option for an Izmir day trip might be the lovely seaside village of Foça (Phocaea), which still has a distinctly Greek charm.

Foça can be reached from Izmir by taking the Izban suburban train to Hatundare where it’s an easy change to the 744 bus.

Of course, the biggest sight in the Izmir area is the ancient Greek city of Ephesus (Efes), located just outside the modern-day city of Selçuk.

You can take a bus or train from Izmir to Selçuk, from where you take a taxi or walk for 40 minutes to the Ephesus entrance gate.

When you are visiting Ephesus, you should really make the effort to visit beautiful Şirince too as this traditional hilltop village is just a short ride by bus from Selçuk.

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Ilıca Beach is one of the nicest beaches in the Çeşme/Alaçatı area. ©Paliparan
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Phocaea. ©Paliparan
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The theatre at ancient Ephesus. ©Paliparan
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Sirince is a charming hilltop village not far away from Ephesus. ©Paliparan


Although it may lack the fame of Istanbul, Izmir is one of Turkey’s nicest and most liveable cities to visit thanks to its liberal character and relaxed seaside vibe.

Izmir might not have as many blockbuster sights as Istanbul, but certainly manages to compete when it comes to having a proper café, food and nightlife scene.

When you add all the sights in the surrounding area, Izmir certainly is one of Turkey’s must-visit destinations.

There are just so many day trips you can make from Izmir that you won’t even get bored if you stay for weeks on end.

Among the day trips you can make from Izmir are the beaches of Cesme and Alacati, a visit to the Ephesus, and the many gorgeous towns and villages in the surrounding area such as Sirince and Phocea.

As Izmir has a good-quality and affordable public transport network, it’s easy enough as an independent traveller to visit all the sights in the city and to make day trips.

Trip report index

This article is part of the ‘Khachapuri & Kebabs: A Summer Trip to Georgia and Turkey‘ trip report, which consists of the following chapters:

1. Review: Wizz Air Bucharest to Kutaisi (Airbus A320)
2. A Day in Kutaisi, the Charming Capital of Imereti
3. Caves, Churches and Monasteries – A Kutaisi Day Trip
4. Review: My Warm Guest House, Batumi, Georgia
5. Beautiful Batumi – The Pearl of Georgia’s Black Sea Coast
6. From Georgia to Turkey: Batumi to Kars by Bus
7. Review: Kars Konak Hotel, Kars, Turkey
8. A Day Trip From Kars to the Ancient Armenian City of Ani
9. Goose, Cheese and Russian Remnants: A Visit to Kars, Turkey
10. Review: Dogu Express Night Train Kars to Ankara, Turkey
11. Review: AnadoluJet Ankara to Izmir (Boeing 737-800)
12. Review: Ege Palas Business Hotel, Izmir, Turkey
13. Izmir: Turkey’s Most Liberal and Liveable City (current chapter)
14. Ancient Ephesus: An Easy Day Trip From Izmir
15. A Visit to the Hilltop Wine Village of Sirince
16. A Beach Trip From Izmir to Cesme and Ilica
17. Foça: A Beautiful Seaside Town to Visit From Izmir
18. Flying Back Home With Atlasglobal and TAROM

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Koen works as a freelance journalist covering south-eastern Europe and is the founding father and editor-in-chief of Paliparan. As a contributor to some major Fleet Street newspapers and some lesser known publications in the Balkans, he travels thousands of miles each year for work as well as on his personal holidays. Whether it is horse riding in Kyrgyzstan’s Tian Shan mountains, exploring the backstreets of Bogotá, or sipping a glass of moschofilero in a Greek beachside taverna, Koen loves to immerse himself into the local culture, explore new places and eat and drink himself around the world.

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